Overview:
Coupled semiconductor laser arrays are of particular interest for applications that require highpower, narrow divergence laser light or electrically tunable beamsteering. For these applications, the coupled elements of the array must be highly coherent, having a mutual degree of coherence at or near unity. The secondorder correlation functions of the fields emitted by the array elements describe the coherence of the array. In order to understand and design highlycoherent laser arrays, the development and analysis of these correlation functions is especially illuminating.
Semiconductor laser arrays can be modeled as coupled oscillators or coupled waveguides. Both approaches can be formulated as derivatives of coupledmode theory. However, traditional coupledmode theory is entirely deterministic and predicts all fields to be fully coherent. By introducing random sources or boundary conditions and looking at the secondorder correlations, we have demonstrated that partial coherence is expected under certain conditions. This result has been verified experimentally.
Collaborators:
This work has been done in collaboration with Prof. Kent Choquette's group at the University of Illinois.
References:

Coherence of Photonic Crystal Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser Arrays
A.C. Lehman, J.J. Raftery, P.S. Carney and K.D. Choquette
Journal of Quantum Electronics,
Vol. 43,
2530
(2006)
PDF

Partial coherence in coupled photonic crystal vertical cavity laser arrays
A.C. Lehman Harren, K.D. Choquette, and P.S. Carney
Optics Letters,
Vol. 34,
905907
(2009)
PDF
